Tax planning is the analysis of one’s financial situation from a tax efficiency point of view so as to plan one’s finances in the most optimized manner. Tax planning allows a taxpayer to make the best use of the various tax exemptions, deductions and benefits to minimize their tax liability over a financial year. Tax planning is a legal way of reducing income tax liabilities, however caution has to be maintained to ensure that the taxpayer isn’t knowingly indulging in tax evasion or tax avoidance.
 
In India, there are a number of tax saving options for all taxpayers. These options allow for a wide range of exemptions and deductions that help in limiting the overall tax liability. The deductions are available from Sections 80C through to 80U and can be claimed by eligible taxpayers. These deductions are made against the quantum of tax liabilities. There are various other sections under the Income Tax Act, 1961 that can reduce your tax liabilities such as exemptions and tax credits.
 
When tax planning is done inside the frameworks defined by the respective authorities, it is fully legal and in fact a smart decision. However, using shady techniques to avoid tax payments is illegal and you may get into trouble for doing so. Tax saving practices include tax avoidance, tax evasion and tax planning. Out of these tax planning is the only legal manner of reducing your tax liabilities. The government offers the different opportunities to save on taxes with the intention of reducing tax burden on a taxpayer through legal income tax planning methods.